Courses/Design & Technique-Essential Web Design/01

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The Internet

A digital highway where many services/protocol take place

Documentary "World Brain" [1]

A Map of the Internet

Ingredients:

  • groups
  • several protocols - in place
  • Choose 3 (per groups) services/software/apps take place on the Internet. E.g. Skype, Gmail, Mail (Mac software), MSN, Whastapp, WeTransfer, Facebook, BitTorrent, etc.
  • place each service under the right protocol

Protocols:

  • World Wide Web (WWW)
  • Voice over IP (VOIP)
  • File Transfer
  • Email (IMAP/SMTP/POP)
  • Instant messaging (IM)
  • Internet Relay Chat (IRC)


The World Wide Web (WWW)

A world wide documentation system, sometimes known as the Web, same times as WWW

Web's creation

  • conceptualized by Tim Berners-Lee at CERN
  • As response to his frustration with the difficulty to share information inside and outside CERN
    • diversity of computers with different systems
    • large number of projects and individuals
    • large amounts of information with no common system to organize and communicate this information

Tim-Berners Lee lhc11.jpg

[Image source http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2008/08/the_large_hadron_collider.html]

Web: publish and find information

Tim Berners-Lee wanted to create a system that would:

  • give access to files in different computers around the world.
  • link the files among themselves
  • facilitate the location and retrieval of information

"Suppose all the information stored in computers everywhere were linked … Suppose I could program my computer to create a space in which anything could be linked to anything. All the bits of information in every computer at CERN, and on the planet, would be available to me and anyone else. These would be a single information space". [2]

How

Tim Berners-Lee

  • devised a system that connected information through links (hypertext)
  • created a hyper text language: HTML (Hyper Text Markup Language)
  • wrote an interpreter for HTML (that transforms HTML code into visual form): a web browser [3]
  • implemented a systems of addresses - URL - that allowed files in remote computers to be called and reply by sending back a (usually) HTML file.

Result

  • The Web became a system where information was easier to find
  • users of host computers (servers) could easily decide what they said to the world, and also change it
  • users became publishers of content on the Web (not even needing access to a server in order to do it)
  • that publishing possibility and will triggered the creation of web publishing services and formats (Geocities, blogs, Tumblrs, Facebook walls ,etc)
  • in this context the user is not only a consumer, but also a producer of content (or publisher)



  1. Degoutin, Stéphane, and Gwenola Wagon. World Brain Stéphane Degoutin & Gwenola Wagon, 2012. http://worldbrain.arte.tv.
  2. Berners-Lee, Tim. Weaving the Web. London: TEXERE, 2000.
  3. Simulation of the first Web Browser